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GAIL and Bloom Energy partner to power India with Clean and Reliable Energy

New Delhi, August 22, 2016: GAIL (India) Limited and Silicon Valley-based Bloom Energy today announced a new partnership to transform India’s energy future through the use of innovative technology and signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to deploy revolutionary natural gas-based fuel cell technology to generate electricity.

In the presence of Hon’ble Minister of State for Petroleum & Natural Gas, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan, the MoU was signed by Shri B C Tripathi, C&MD, GAIL (India) Limited and Dr. K R Sridhar, CEO and Founder, Bloom Energy. CEO, Niti Aayog, Shri Amitabh Kant and Additional Secretary, MoPNG, Shri A P Sawhney also graced the occasion.

The technology is presently being used by over 100 of the Fortune 500 companies that are diversified majors in FMCG, IT, Telecom, Retailing and e-commerce. The state-of-the-art solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology of Bloom Energy Servers convert fuel into electricity using Natural Gas as the base fuel to generate reliable and resilient electricity in a highly efficient non-combustible process that reduces emissions of greenhouse gas and harmful air pollutants, with minimal use of water vis-à-vis the conventional power producing technologies. The Bloom Energy Servers could be installed onsite at any operating premises or building and can be plugged into natural gas pipeline to generate uninterrupted, efficient, noise-less base load power round-the-clock.

GAIL (India) Limited signs MoU with Bloom energy in presence of Shri Dharmesh Pradhan

GAIL’s subsidiary at Bengaluru is already supplying Natural Gas for energizing a multi-MW Bloom Energy project for a large global technology company at the Technology Park in Bangalore.

The unique tie-up seeks to leverage the strengths of both the organizations. Whilst GAIL brings a portfolio of Natural Gas to ensure reliable and competitively available Natural Gas for Bloom Energy projects along its integrated gas supply networks, Bloom Energy’s power systems run on advanced solid oxide fuel cell technology that are not just acknowledged as the most efficient producers of electricity based on Natural Gas but also combines the advantage of requiring a tenth of the space required for generating equivalent power through other modes. The MoU provides an alignment of a shared vision between GAIL and Bloom Energy and opens up an opportunity for Indian consumers to experience bundled and reliable service by the two leading brands for expanding the distributed power generation systems in India.

Speaking on the occasion, Hon’ble Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas (I/C) Shri Dharmendra Pradhan said “The signing of the MoU between Bloom Energy and GAIL is a significant step towards realizing the Hon’ble Prime Minister’s vision of using technology and innovation for fast tracking India’s progress. The biggest beneficiary of this MoU will be urban India because it will significantly decrease pollution caused by back up power generation.”

Hon’ble Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas (I/C) Shri Dharmendra Pradhan,  speaking at the occasion.

Hon’ble Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas (I/C) Shri Dharmendra Pradhan, speaking at the occasion.

Shri Amitabh Kant, CEO, Niti Aayog described the Bloom technology as “pathbreaking” which can bring a “transformational change” in electricity generation.

Speaking on the occasion, Shri B C Tripathi said, “GAIL and Bloom Energy have a tremendous opportunity to transform India’s energy future run on the combination of natural gas – cleanest and dependable fossil fuel and the state-of-the-art power technology of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell by Bloom Energy. This is in a unique positioning in the Indian market to deliver clean, reliable, and affordable power requiring minimal space and time to set-up. A perfect solution to India’s fast growing energy needs.”

Bloom Energy’s CEO and founder, Dr K R Sridhar, said “It is an honour to be here today and mark this occasion; we applaud the Hon’ble Minister of State Mr Dharmendra Pradhan and GAIL for taking a leadership role in driving towards a new energy future for India. This partnership brings us closer to realizing Bloom Energy’s mission to provide access to clean, reliable and affordable energy for India and the world.”

About GAIL

GAIL is India’s leading natural gas company with diversified interests across the natural gas value chain of trading, transmission, LPG production & transmission, petrochemicals, city gas, E&P etc. It operates a pipeline network of over 11,000 km with a capacity of about 210 million cubic meters per day. GAIL commands 75% market share in gas transmission and has a Gas trading share of over 50% in India. It also has a growing international presence through subsidiaries in the USA and Singapore.

About Bloom Energy

Bloom Energy is a provider of breakthrough solid oxide fuel cell technology generating clean, highly efficient onsite power from multiple fuel sources.  Founded in 2001 with a mission to make clean, reliable energy affordable for everyone in the world, Bloom Energy Servers are currently powering a “who’s who” list of electric utilities, government organizations and over 100 leading global companies including Apple, Google, Coca-Cola, Bank of America, Walmart and FedEx in the United States.  Bloom has received numerous recognitions in the field of distributed power generation including from the World Economic Forum, Time Magazine, 60 Minutes and most lately, Bloom has been named a top “disruptor” for the last two years in a row by CNBC. The company is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California with operations in Newark, Delaware, Bengaluru and Mumbai.

Caption for Pic 1: (from left to right) Bloom Energy CEO, Dr K R Sridhar, Hon’ble Minister of State for Petroleum & Natural Gas, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan, GAIL Chairman & Managing Director, Shri B C Tripathi and Additional Secretary, MoPNG Shri A P Sawhney after the signing of MoU between GAIL and Bloom Energy to deploy natural gas-based fuel cell technology to generate electricity.

Caption for Pic 2: Hon’ble Minister of State for Petroleum & Natural Gas (I/C), Shri Dharmendra Pradhan (left) speaking after the signing of MoU between GAIL and Bloom Energy to deploy natural gas-based fuel cell technology to generate electricity. Also in the picture from (second left to right) are Bloom Energy CEO, Dr K R Sridhar, CEO of Niti Aayog, Shri Amitabh Kant, GAIL Chairman & Managing Director, Shri B C Tripathi and Additional Secretary, MoPNG, Shri A P Sawhney.

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Awareness Campaigning by GAIL to strengthen the Security & Safety of JLPL Pipeline

गेल, समाख्याली द्वारा जेएलपीएल की सुरक्षा एवं संरक्षा को सुदृढ़  करने के लिए जागरूकता अभियान

पाइपलाइन संरक्षा एवं सुरक्षा – एक जागरूक प्रयास


गेल, समाख्याली द्वारा समय-समय पर स्थानीय कालेज / स्कूलों के विद्यार्थियों एवं ग्रामीणों के लिए पाइपलाइन सुरक्षा एवं संरक्षा जागरूकता अभियान आयोजित किए जाते रहतें हैं, इसी अभियान को जारी रखते हुए जेएलपीएल किलोमीटर नं. 159 के नजदीक एवं एस.वी.-10 से आई.पी.एस.-समाख्याली के मध्य, ग्राम जूना-कटारिया तालुका भचाऊ जिला कच्छ (गुजरात) में दिनांक 05.11.2015 को जागरूकता कार्यक्रम आयोजित किया गया ।


कार्यक्रम में 03 स्कूलों के लगभग 200 छात्र-छात्राएँ, 20 अध्यापक, ग्राम सरपंच व उप सरपंच सहित लगभग 70-80 ग्रामीण जन और लाकड़िया पुलिस स्टेशन से 04 पुलिसकर्मियों ने उत्साहपूर्वक भाग लिया, जिनको टीम-समाख्याली ने श्री सुशील कुमार, वरिष्ठ प्रबंधक (यांत्रिकी) के मार्गदर्शन में गेल के बारे में, पेट्रोलियम पाइपलाइनों का महत्व, सुरक्षा एवं संरक्षा प्रणाली, आर.ओ.यू. में क्या करें और क्या नहीं करें तथा गेल के टोल फ्री नं. के बारे में बताया ।


जुलाई 2015, के अंतिम सप्ताह में कच्छ क्षेत्र में भारी बरसात हुई थी उस समय जूना-कटारिया के श्री सामद भाई ने एस.वी.-10 के सुरक्षा गार्ड को सूचित किया था कि गेल की पाइपलाइन बाम्बूड़ी नदी में किलोमीटर नं. 159 के पास कटाव के कारण दिखाई दे रही है, इस सूचना पर टीम-समाख्याली ने वहाँ जाकर देखा तो सूचना सही पाई गई अत: आज श्री सामद भाई को पुरस्कार स्वरूप रू. 500/- नगद प्रदान किए गए इसके अलावा जिन बच्चों को पाइपलाइन सुरक्षा के बारे में ज्यादा जानकारी थी उनके प्रोत्साहन के लिए भी पुरस्कार श्री सुशील कुमार द्वारा प्रदान किए गए ।


कार्यक्रम के दौरान सभी को पाइपलाइन की सुरक्षा तथा संरक्षा के लिए आवश्यक निर्देशों के कलेंडर, एक निवेदन, डायरी और पैन आदि वितरित किए गए । इस प्रकार आवश्यक जानकारी हेतु कार्यक्रम आयोजित किए जाने के लिए स्कूल प्राचार्या तथा ग्रामीणों ने गेल, समाख्याली को धन्यवाद दिया ।





Awareness Campaigning by GAIL, Samakhiali to strengthen the Security & Safety of JLPL

Pipeline Safety and Security – A Conscious Effort

GAIL, Samakhiali is organizing the Security, Safety Awareness Campaigns for local college / school student’s and villagers, under which efforts are taken to bring awareness about Pipeline Security and Safety, In continuation with on-going campaign an awareness program was conducted on 05.11.2015 near JLPL KM No. 159 and in between SV-10 & IPS-Samakhiali, at Village Juna-Kataria, Tehsil Bhachau, District Kutch (Gujarat).


The program was attended with great enthusiasm by the approx. 200 students and 20 teachers of 03 Schools, Sarpanch, Up-Sarpanch, 70-80 Villagers and 04 Policemen of Lakadia Police Station. Knowledge about GAIL, importance of Petroleum Pipelines, Security and Safety systems, what to do and do not do in ROU and also shared the information’s about GAIL’s Toll Free numbers by Team-Samakhiali under the guidance of Sh. Sushil Kumar, Sr. Manager (Mech).


In the last week of July’2015 month, heavy rain occurred in KUTCH area, at that time, Sh. Samad Bhai of Juna Kataria village informed to security guard of SV-10 about the exposure/washout of GAIL’s pipeline near KM. 159 in Bambudi river. As per information , Team Samakhiali visited the location and information was found to be correct. Hence, a token reward of Rs. 500/- given to Sh. Samad Bhai by Sh. Sushil Kumar. In addition, prizes distributed among students having good knowledge of Pipeline security for enhancing their motivation.


Before ending the program, Calendars, Ek Nivedan, Diary & Pen having important instructions regarding pipeline safety and security were distributed. Vote of thanks was given by Sh. D.L. Nandurwar, Vice Principal (ITI) to GAIL, Samakhiali for organizing awareness program in Kidianagar Village.



GAIL emerges highest ranking PSU in Carbon Disclosure Leadership Index

Secures 98 out of maximum 100, an increase of 12 points in one year

New Delhi, November 6, 2015: GAIL (India) Limited has emerged the highest ranking company among the country’s Public Sector Undertakings, and third overall, in the ‘Carbon Disclosure Leadership Index (CDLI)’ released by Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP)-India.


GAIL, India’s premier natural gas company, got a score of 98 out of maximum 100 in CDLI which was released at the Bombay Stock Exchange. GAIL showed a remarkable increase of 12 points from last year’s score which was a result of dedicated efforts of the company to be a responsible corporate especially in the area of climate change.


CDP India’s Climate Change 2015 report analyses the key trends coming out of the analysis of the responding Indian companies. The CDLI disclosure score assesses the completeness and quality of a company’s response. A high disclosure score signals that a company provided comprehensive information about the measurement and management of its carbon footprint, its climate change strategy and risk management processes and outcomes.


The CDP India Climate Change 2015 Report will be shared in the India Pavilion of Conference of Parties (COP) 21 to be held in Paris later this month.  It will be attended by Heads of States and Governments across the globe including Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. CDP is the only global natural capital disclosure system which is the most comprehensive collection of Corporate Climate Change Information. CDP India has been acknowledged in India’s commitment towards mitigation and adaptation of climate change specified in the INDC (Intended National Determined Conference).


Shri Prakash Javadekar, Hon’ble Minister of State (Independent Charge) Environment, Forest & Climate Change complemented the report saying, “Indian companies have indeed understood the mantra of sustainability growth – that going green makes sound business sense”.


The release of the report was followed by an interactive panel discussion attended by Sustainability Heads of top ranking CDLI Companies. Speaking on the occasion, Shri Santanu Roy, General Manager (Corporate Planning), GAIL said the company is tackling climate change through converting regulation risks into opportunities. He outlined how natural gas can play a significant role in India’s quest for Energy security. He also mentioned that going forward, GAIL would like to play a leading role in collaborating with other Indian oil and gas players for making positive impact of the sector specific sustainability and climate change.


Photo caption: Shri Santanu Roy, General Manager (Corporate Planning), GAIL (on the left) speaking at the release of the CDP India Climate Change 2015 Report in which GAIL (India) Limited emerged as the highest ranking company among the country’s PSUs, and third overall, in the Carbon Disclosure Leadership Index (CDLI)


GAIL takes lead in developing Indian corporate vision on tackling climate change

Partners with TERI to develop document to be released in Paris during COP21

New Delhi, November 5, 2015: GAIL (India) Limited, the country’s premier natural gas company, has partnered with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), a leading energy and sustainability think tank, to develop a document which outlines the Indian corporate vision on various aspects of tackling climate change and aligning the vision with Government schemes in this direction.

The draft of the document titled “Delhi to Paris: Corporate Vision on Climate Change” was presented during the National Seminar for Corporate Vision on Climate Change organized here by TERI-CBS (Council for Business Sustainability). The final document will be launched at India Pavilion of Conference of Parties (COP) 21 to be held in Paris later this month. It will be attended by Heads of States and Governments across the globe including Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi.


For the first time in over 20 years of UN negotiations, the COP21 Climate Summit conference will aim to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate to keep global warming below 2oC.


As a responsible corporate citizen, GAIL acted as Chapter lead for ‘Improving Efficiency of Energy Use’ and provided inputs towards preparation and participated in meetings, webinars and consultations.


In a special address during the seminar, Hon’ble Minister of Railways Shri Suresh Prabhu said, “While the government provides air cover, corporates are the foot soldiers with their ideas and technologies towards mitigation and adaptation to the new reality of climate change.” Hon’ble Minister of State (Independent Charge), Environment, Forest and Climate Change Shri Prakash Javadekar hailed the convergence of all corporates and called the abridged version of the vision document the ‘Corporate Environment Responsibility Document.’


Speaking on the occasion, Dr. Ashutosh Karnatak, Director (Projects) & Chairman of Sustainable Development Committee of GAIL, shared various initiatives in the area by the company and how natural gas as one of the cleaner fossil fuels has been instrumental in achieving better energy efficiencies for industry.


He also mentioned that going forward, GAIL would like to play a leading role in collaborating with other Oil & Gas industry players for making a positive impact of the sector in respect of sustainability and climate change. As Chapter lead, GAIL propagated that natural gas, an environmentally benign alternative fuel, can act as a bridge fuel as India gears up for the transition from polluting coal and oil to renewables.


Photo caption: Dr. Ashutosh Karnatak, Director (Projects), GAIL (second from left) speaking at the National Seminar for Corporate Vision on Climate Change


GAIL releases fifth Sustainability Report

Becomes first PSU to avail Content Index certified by GRI, Amsterdam
“Fostering Responsible Growth” theme of the report

New Delhi, 14th October, 2015: GAIL (India) Limited has released the Company’s Sustainability Report for the year 2014-15, becoming the first Public Sector Undertaking of the country to avail Content Index certified by Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), Amsterdam.
The report, on the theme ‘Fostering Responsible Growth’, was released here yesterday by Shri B C Tripathi, Chairman and Managing Director, in the presence of Shri M. Ravindran, Director (HR), Dr Ashutosh Karnatak, Director (Projects), Shri Subir Purkayastha, Director (Finance), Shri Ashutosh Jindal, Director, Smt. Anuradha Sharma Chagti, Director and other senior officials of the company.
The report, the fifth released by GAIL, marks the transition from GRI G3.1 to GRI G4 guidelines and is in line with GRI G4 Guidelines ‘in-accordance’ option core.
Speaking on the occasion, Shri Tripathi said “We believe in growth that is sustainable and inclusive while remaining deeply committed to ensuring the trust of our stakeholders.” He also noted that GAIL has been acknowledged among CDP India Leaders 2014 Climate Disclosure Leadership Index (CDLI) and is the only company in Utilities category among the top 22 India leaders.
GAIL has developed ‘Sustainability Aspirations 2020’, which are self-driven targets focused towards the reduction of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions, water consumption and specific energy intensity.
This year’s Sustainability Report is a materiality centric report and contains dedicated sections for each of the stakeholders. These material issues have been identified after a thorough materiality assessment and stakeholder engagement exercise which was conducted at 10 locations of GAIL amongst different stakeholder groups.
All Sustainability Reports of GAIL have been assured by external third party. Continuing the practice, this year’s Sustainability Report has been assured by DNVGL. This is a Type 2 Moderate level assured report based on AA1000AS (2008) standard. Assurance process includes data verification at different sites of GAIL that will continue to help GAIL improve its processes and data management mechanisms.
GAIL’s Corporate Sustainability Reports are available on the Company’s website (www. The report for 2014-15 was web hosted on the day GAIL AGM was held.

‘Bridge fuel’ in Indian context

The world, today, is constantly exploring new methods to switch to clean energy. Intrinsically, natural gas is often portrayed as a “bridge fuel,” providing a lower-carbon alternative to other thermal sources – coal and diesel. It is true that proponents of the technology suggest that natural gas can enable us to shift away from a high-carbon era of thermal power generation, towards a zero-carbon renewable future. This effectively means transition from thermal to natural gas to renewables. The rising interest in natural gas as a clean fuel and a corresponding rise in global gas exploration activities corroborates natural gas to become the bridge fuel. It is estimated by The International Energy Agency that the production of natural gas will increase and by 2035, a fourth of global energy will be derived from natural gas.

The energy needs of India are more imperative than before, amid the uncertainty of output from coal production. Traditionally, a little over half of the energy supply needs are met by coal fired thermal plants. India insisted on managing climate change through clean and renewable energy using energy efficient technologies, simultaneously reducing its dependence on generating power through these fossil sources.

However for a country like India, a major shift to renewables is a far-cry due to lack of relevant infrastructure and high costs associated with generating power from wind and solar. Natural gas can negate this effects, by smoothing this transition and reduce dependence on thermal power generation. A switch to gas can also reduce air pollution through lower emissions. However a complete transition looks bleak at the moment, as the installed capacity of natural gas is too less to commensurate with other modes of power generation and meet the ever increasing energy requirement of India.

Capacity building and augmentation of natural gas infrastructure is the key. Also it is necessary that new technologies that uses natural gas at consumption levels are developed and promoted – use of fuel cells that directly converts gas into electricity to power households.
By and large, the trajectory towards achieving a complete cleaner fuel for energy requirements looks promising. Natural gas, can act as a facilitator, though it is important to understand how a near-term shift to gas affects long-term trends and outcomes.


GAIL’s Jagdishpur – Haldia Pipeline Project connects Barauni in Bihar

Welding of 12 inch pipeline connecting HFCL Barauni to IOCL Barauni commenced on 15th September 2015 at Barauni, marking the first phase implementation of GAIL (India) Limited’s  Jagdishpur- Haldia Pipeline, the green project of Government of India.

The phase – I of pipeline project consists of laying of trunk pipeline from Phulpur (Allahabad) to Dobhi (Gaya) for a length of 341km and spur pipeline connectivity to Barauni and Patna from Dobhi for a length of 228 km.

This gas network will supply fuel to major industries such as the Barauni Refinery and the Barauni fertilizer plant, which will be revived to its full glory, besides power and steel plants.

The pipeline will also help in setting up of City Gas Networks in major cities of Bihar including capital Patna. Thus, residents can enjoy the convenience of environment friendly piped natural gas (PNG) that directly reaches kitchens through pipelines and the economical compressed natural gas (CNG) for vehicles.

An investment of over Rs. 2300 crore is expected to be made in Bihar on this project.


An Abundant Clean Source Of Energy – DesertSec

Every year, each square kilometer of the desert receives solar energy equivalent to 1.5 million barrels of oil. Multiplying by the area of deserts in Africa or in the world, this is several hundred times as much energy as the world uses in a year. What this means is that in Africa, countries like Algeria, Angola, Libya and Nigeria can move directly from being oil-rich to being solar-rich.

Desertec Africa is an organization who’s vision is to utilize the untapped potential of Africa. Desertec looks to harness the huge solar footprint Africa has and transform it into usable energy. There is enough sunlight falling on Africa’s deserts to power not only Africa and Europe but the whole world as well. They aim to switch the continents non-renewable based economy to solar energy, which is clean and renewable. There are many benefits of such a program; one of the main benefits is that it would directly stimulate struggling economies such as Nigeria and Chad and others. The project is based on utilizing an area that receives at least 2000 kWhs of sunlight per m2 and other stringent requirements. Once a location is deemed suitable, solar power plants would be installed based on existing CSP solar technology.


Excerpts and courtesy of Desertec-Africa

To know more about the project click here


Ten Ways To Breathe Easier

Has pollution got you feeling down? Well here are a few tips to help escape the smog.

1) Try to minimise being out or physically exerting yourself during pollution surges. The faster you breathe, the more pollutants you inhale.

2) Get regular car servicing and maintenance (especially the spark plugs) done.

3) Drive within the speed limits. And accelerate slowly.

4) Limit idling your vehicle to no more than 30 seconds.

5) Manage demand for fossil fuels, use public transport, and use energy efficient appliances that conserve power.

6) Mop while cleaning the house to pick up lingering loose dust, microfiber mops can catch dust and dirt better.

7) Grow indoor plants such as money plants, ferns, Aloe-Vera, They act as living air purifiers and absorb chemical pollutants released by synthetic materials.

9) Replace Traditional stoves that use biomass and coal should be replaced.

9) Avoid outdoor burning of garbage, leaves etc.

10) Switch to natural gas as it produces 10% the emissions as compared to other fuels.





This world environment day, take a pledge to Reduce, Reuse, and Re-Cycle. In today’s society, wasteful consumption is a commonality which all of us knowingly and unknowingly choose to indulge in. Small things such as leaving the lights on, not turning off the television – it all adds up. Who’s paying the price? The Earth and our future generations. Not all of us are indifferent,

A small percentage of our population chooses to live carbon neutral life- styles. These environmental heroes are setting the right example for the rest of us as individuals to follow.

We at GAIL believe in long-term sustainability and have invested heavily in Research and Development projects. All these projects are based on groundbreaking technologies such as utilizing methane gas produced from landfills and using it to produce power. Another initiative known as the Waste to Diesel project, extracts precious chemicals such as diesel, gasoline, and aromatic fractions. Our sustainability based outlook follows one of our core philosophies known as  ‘Care, Share & Grow’. This philosophy extends into other programs such as”TOMORROW IS YOURS” which is a television series based on improving conditions throughout rural India.

Our Waste to Energy project, which is based at the Ghazipur landfill captures excess methane, which is produced by waste that has piled up over the years. A section of the landfill has been covered with grass, the covered area has bore wells that reach deep into the landfill, where the methane gas is captured. The captured gas is upgraded from low-quality LPG (Landfill gas) to high-quality LPG, which is the transformed into energy using micro-turbines.

Similarly the Waste to Diesel project, extracts diesel and other precious chemicals from wasted plastic. This groundbreaking breakthrough is attributed to our Research and Development team. The process recycles the chemicals, which exists in everyday plastics. The project has already passed lab and Bench test and is currently being implemented into the pilot stage. The diesel that is recycled meets the internationally recognized standard of Euro-IV.

To know more about Tomorrow Is Yours click here.

To know more about landfill gas to energy click here.

To know more bout Plastic to Diesel, click here.

Depiction of Plastic to Diesel project


Before the implementation of Waste to energy project


After implementation



To know more about Tomorrow Is Yours click here.

To know more about landfill gas to energy click here.

To know more bout Plastic to Diesel, click here.



10 Sustainable Cities From Around The World

Sustainable cities have been popping up around the globe in recent years, however, the idea of a sustainable city or eco-city has been around for a few decades now. The term was first used by Richard Register in his book titled; Ecocity Berkeley: Building Cities for a healthy future.  An eco-city is designed with specific consideration on reducing environmental impact. A main design feature of many of the eco-cities is to stop heat wastage and reduce/neutralize air pollution. Eco- cities are usually inhabited by like-minded people who believe in reducing water, food intake and minimize waste.

Here is a list of ten sustainable cities which are changing the way people live.

1. Calgary, Canada


18,000 Canadians developed a blueprint for a sustainable future when they created the imagineCALGARY Plan for long terms sustainability. The Plan contains a 100-year vision that articulates the city in which Canadians would like to live and how to get there.

2. Masdar city, Abu Dhabi


Masdar is Arabic for “Source”. Masdar is a planned city which relies on solar energy and other renewable energy sources and is being designed to be a hub for cleantech companies. The city combines ancient Arabic architectural techniques with modern technology to pioneer sustainable development.

4. Auroville, Tamil Nadu


The purpose of Auroville is to realize human unity. Auroville is meant to be a universal town where men and women of all countries are able to live in peace and progressive harmony, above all creeds, all politics, and all nationalities.

4. Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city, China 


It is the result of a collaborative agreement between the governments of China and Singapore to jointly develop a socially harmonious, environmentally friendly and resource-conserving city in China.

5. Clark Freeport Zone 


The Building of the Clark Green City by Philippines Govt. will feature a 50-year master plan that will help decongest Metro Manila, drive the economy and guide the country towards sustainable development.

6. Songdo International Business District, South Korea 


Songdo IBD’s leadership in sustainable development will have key quality-of-life attributes for both corporations and residents. The city will be the first LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certified district in Korea.

7. Hung Shui Kiu


Hung Shui Kiu has been identified as suitable for the new development area purposed to cater for long-term development need in Hong Kong. After development, it may accommodate up to 160,000 people in the future.

8. Waitakere, New Zealand


Waitakere eco-city is an opportunity for Waitakere City to become a leader, to enhance its image and to find innovative solutions to the constraints it faces.

9. Hacienda – Mombasa 

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Hacienda eco-city in Mombasa is Kenya’s first environmentally, socially, culturally and economically sustainable project. Solar & wind energy along with rainfall will be harvested.

10. Freiburg Breisgau, Germany


SolarRegion Freiburg is a long term development vision that the city of Freiburg in southwest Germany embraced in 1986, which has resulted in multiple benefits for both the environment and the local economy.

India has already started work on sustainable cities with Auroville being the first. Following the Make In India campaign and the Smart City Initiative, more eco-cities will be developed in the near future.


How Natural Gas Can Help India Reduce Air Pollution

A recent World Health Organization (WHO) study ranks India as one of the most polluted countries in the world. India is home to 13 of the world’s 20 most polluted cities, with air pollution impacting more than half the population by reducing its lifespan by three years on average.

Among the various causes of pollution – burning of firewood, fuel adulteration, vehicle emissions – are coal-based power plants. They release particulate matter, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds and trace metals like mercury into the air, which affect health adversely. Additionally, coal-fired power plants are the main source of acid-rain-producing pollutants.

A recent study of 47 thermal plants by the Centre for Science and Environment found that not only are India’s power units among the most inefficient in the world, they operate at an average of only 60%-70% of their installed capacity. It’s disturbing that more than half of India’s energy supply needs are met by coal-fired plants.

To take a stock of the rising air pollution levels, the incumbent government recently launched an Air Quality Index (AQI) to predict the air quality. Initially ten cities – Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow, Varanasi, Faridabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad will have monitoring stations with AQI display boards. In laymen terms, the index translates detailed information on different pollutants into a color-coded health warning system. Green represents minimal impact on health, yellow implies moderate effects and red would mean to have serious implications. There are plans to extend this initiative to a total of 66 cities eventually.

A long-term and feasible solution to control air pollution is to switch to natural gas for power generation. A higher share of natural gas in the installed capacity of energy from 9% in 2014 to 20% by 2030 is an imperative. Gas-based power stations have no particulate emissions and much lower NOx emissions. They can achieve 20 parts per million (PPM) NOx levels whereas coal-based power stations have no standards; they emit between 100 PPM and 300 PPM.

Another alternative is to use vehicles that run on compressed natural gas (CNG). Over the past few years, CNG became the most popular fuel due price difference and a large number of petrol cars have been retro-fitted to run on CNG. Studies have shown that CNG is much more environment friendly in terms of carbon emissions and pollutants like SO2. Running car on green fuel will help to keep a check on air pollution in city like Mumbai, where the use of vehicles are primarily responsible for deteriorating air quality.

India is the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, after China and the US. The data can be used for tackling pollution proactively and prudently. Like for example, on consecutive days of high pollution levels, Beijing restricts driving cars. Furthermore, Paris allows free public transportation on days with high pollution. India too can embrace such initiative to bring down the pollutions levels