Browsing Category

INNOVATION

2

gail_voice

The missing link to renewable energy

The global energy chaos can be avoided if the electricity supply matches the electricity demand. Usage of conventional energy sources such as coal may solve a bit of the problem but the cost that the environment pays is immensely destructive. The renewable energy though partially answers the question but the most vital constraint related to the renewable energy is the storage part.

Recently Prof. Donald Sadoway from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, US, along with some of his students came up with a solution to the gigantic problem – Gigantic liquid metal batteries.

Prof. Sadoway was inspired from the very basic model of the battery. The very first invention by Alessandro Volta’s in the early 1800s that only required two electrodes, metals of different compositions, and an electrolyte.

He hired a few students from the university, seeded the same idea in their minds and set them loose. The Professor also got part of his inspiration from the aluminium production; which involves huge economy of scale. The production includes combining liquid metal and molten salt at high temperatures allowing current to be passed through the solution. This initiated the idea for the liquid metal battery. Molten salt was stuffed between molten magnesium on the top and antimony in the bottom.

Perhaps Prof. Sadoway’s ideology to question the conventional and the mainstream ideas can be seen in his speech. Here are some words of wisdom from the genius.

Perhaps Prof. Sadoway’s ideology to question the conventional and the mainstream ideas can be seen in his speech. Here are some words of wisdom from the genius.
To get ourselves out of the energy crisis we need to invent ourselves out of it.
If you want to make something dirt cheap, make it out of dirt.
We choose to work on grid level storage not because it is easy, but because it is hard. get ourselves out of the energy crisis we need to invent ourselves out of it.
If you want to make something dirt cheap, make it out of dirt.
We choose to work on grid level storage not because it is easy, but because it is hard.

 

gail_voice_thursday_2

An overview of the LNG summit 2013

During the recent past natural gas has presented itself as a greener fuel of choice, more evidently than ever. With rising environmental issues, natural gas seems to be the most practical alternative. At the CWC World LNG summit 2013 held this in year in Paris, various opportunities and key challenges were discussed regarding the present state and the future possibilities related to the industry. Below is the summarized insight of the summit.

The present scenario:
Demand for liquefied natural gas (LNG) remains high in Asia with almost 75% of the total sales in the continent. The supply projects have also expanded particularly in the North America, contributing 330 Mtpa taking the total volume produced upto 600 Mtpa.
The challenge however before the industry is the regional price differentiation which because of the pressure in the international market is wider than that of the oil prices.

Future projection:
The industry is expected to grow around 5-6% pa, which amounts up to 400-430 Mtpa by 2025.

2

ASIA

Asia would remain the pivotal market for natural gas and is expected to consume 75% of the total production. With demand from mature markets such as Japan, South Korea and Taiwan; a new segment of market consisting of India, China and Middle East would emerge to be an important market segment in the global scenario.

1

EUROPE

Decreased demand and price competition in Europe owes to a lower demand for LNG in Europe thereby, raising the import dependency to 80% by 2035. Europe will play a key role as the global balancing market for LNG in the future

THE AMERICAS

Collectively the LNG demand of the Americas is set to rise by 2020 whereby they will require creative LNG sourcing to meet demand compete with other markets.

USA

Work is in progress to make USA a material exporter of LNG by 2025 thereby; increasing opportunities for new LNG supply capacities.

RUSSIA

In an attempt to liberalize LNG exports, Russia is investing in various projects and shall foresee an increased LNG sales in Asia by 2020.

MOZAMBIQUE

The picture for Mozambique LNG looks promising and it is becoming a key player in the LNG industry

3According to the figure above LNG is evidently growing fast in the gas segment.

Keep LNG Going

LNG development for the future needs more commercial innovation in terms of better pricing mechanism exploring more avenues of partnership in the value chain. A key issue identified was the struggle faced by smaller LNG projects to guarantee completion and assure their lenders, meanwhile scope for innovation while developing LNG projects or using LNG equipment is set to rise.

LNG to flourish with diversity:
Diverse customers and portfolios along with diverse pricing mechanism will boost LNG in the times to come and initiatives by countries to become global players in the LNG market will support the effort and resolve the impasses between buyers and sellers.

Below is the detailed summary report on the CWC WLNG summit 2013

gail_voice_thursday_post

Don’t hurry, GO FAST!

Now there is another reason to drop the keys of your car in the morning. There is another way to dodge the messy traffic jams. The new rapid metro is here.

Gurgaon’s rapid metro happens to be India’s first fully privately financed metro. It will connect the Delhi metro to the corporate hub of Gurgaon, Cyber city with a 5.1 km route subsisting 6 stations.delhi metro

Rapid metro route and stations.

The Rapid metro would bring great respite to daily office commuters and the residents of cyber city.

So now you don’t need to hurry to the office through traffic congestion, when you have a rapid alternative.

 

postgvlarge

COOL TO POOL

It’s Wednesday and it’s time to GO Green. Ever wondered how a boring drive to the office could become fun. It’s easy; just add some co-passengers to the empty seats.

The word “carpool” or car pool means “an arrangement whereby several participants or their children travel together in one vehicle, the participants sharing costs and often taking turns as driver”.  The concept of carpooling is not new. However, it gained prominence in the U.S. in the mid 1970’s as a result of the 1973 oil crisis & the 1979 energy crisis.

There is more than one reason for you to share your ride
Untitled

1. Its economical: Saving some money is something everybody would love to do. Splitting the transportation cost such as fuel cost, parking tickets, toll-booths etc. would sum to a sizeable amount of savings.

 

2. It saves fuel: If everyone uses carpool; there would be very less number of cars on the road requiring very less amount of fuel.

 

3. It reduces traffic congestion: Reduction in traffic would imply smoother flow of traffic.

 

4. It decreases carbon footprints: Less number of cars would emit lesser amount of carbon in the environment.

 

5. Its good for you: When carbon emission is curtailed the air is cleaner for you and your family’s health.

 

6. Its convenient: Taking turns while driving reduces the stress of driving daily and also allows you to channel your time in some productive activity that would have been otherwise wasted driving.

7. It gets you new friends: Make some new friends when you carpool and enjoy the ride!

gail_voice_tuesday

New Horizons

Imagine your room heater running on solar energy on a snowy winter night or switching on your light on sun’s energy on the same night when the local electricity grid failed. Yes, now anything is possible and its time you let your imagination run wild.

There is no doubt about the potent that solar energy holds to solve the planet’s energy needs. It is estimated that the amount of solar energy that the earth’s surface receives is 8000 times more than that of our current energy requirement. As a matter of fact, World’s energy starvation would end if we cover less than 1% of the earth’s surface with solar panels.

So why aren’t we doing it? For one simple reason; solar power is unreliable. Seasonal changes, fluctuating weather conditions and the day-night cycle; each of which implies that solar farms on the surface can never attain the optimum efficiency. Moreover, the areas which are receiving the maximum sunlight consistently throughout the year are least densely populated and it’s not feasible to transport solar energy from deserts to more populated regions.

This may change in the near future. A former NASA engineer has come up with a brainy quick fix to the problems. John Mankins, former head of advanced concepts studies at NASA has come up with an intriguing concept of “SPS-ALPHA” (Solar Power Satellite via Arbitrarily Large Phased Array). The concept integrates a thousand computers working together in high orbit and capturing sunrays which can then be transmitted back to the earth’s surface to be used as energy.

spsalpha-space-power-concept-2011-640x476

The most impressive part of the concept is that, it explores new horizons by storing energy initially and later channelling it to desired locations. This feature would help remote and energy deprived and those suffering from any natural calamity.

sat_gail

Move towards a smarter tomorrow

Every resource that the planet offers us is finite. Everything has its peak and then it declines and diminishes forever. Be it petroleum, iron or even water. Sooner or later civilization is going to run out of the essentials.

However there is no limitation to innovation and human’s pursuit to excellence. The same is evident in the book “Reinventing Fire: Bold Business Solutions for the New Energy Era” by Amory Lovins and Rocky Mountain Institute. The book explores the possibility of future where earth is not dependent on oil and coal for energy anymore. It emphasises on the reliance on renewable and sustainable energy by the year 2050. According to the experts we need to cut the global carbon output by 80% the same year to preclude the disastrous aftermath of global warming.

Lovins and company also explained the path which discontinues our addiction for fossil fuels.  According to the book all the technologies and maneuverers already exist and all we need to do is take the smarter road.

Cleaner and sustainable 2050 can be achieved by refurbishing everything from our homes and cars to our factories and power grids. For instance Lovins suggested that if cars are built smaller and lighter using carbon fibre, it would require smaller engines and smaller batteries. This would ease the manufacturing and the cars can then run on electricity.

The technology devised by Lovins is said to fund for itself and save around $5 trillion, which can be put to a more productive usage.

To know more about the book please click on the link below
http://www.rmi.org/reinventingfire