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GAIL reinforces its pipeline operations in K G Basin

Rajahmundry, 19th April 2016
:  GAIL (India) Limited has completed the first phase of replacement of different sections of the pipeline in the KG Basin regional pipeline network with an investment of more than Rs. 419 crore such as Tatipaka- Chinchinada pipeline section of 20 Km, Tatipaka- Kakinada pipeline section of 74 Km main line, Tatipaka – Kakinada HDD section of the pipeline including Taipaka – K Cheruvu of 4.8 Km length.  Work already started in the second phase for replacement of about 183 Km long pipelines with an additional cost of approximately Rs. 515 crore. This exercise is undertaken to ensure pipeline health and safety measures in view of the aging of the pipelines, types of the gases handled by the pipeline, change in population Density and degradation of pipelines as observed through cathodic protection system and intelligent pigging reports.  In addition to the replacement of the pipelines installation of additional facilities like slug catcher, knock out drums/ scrubbers, gas de-hydration Units are installed / being installed based on the expert reports in the network. GAIL has already invested an amount of Rs. 90 crore towards repairs and maintenance of the pipeline network and a total of Rs. 9.00 crore on relief and rehabilitation programme in last one year.

The unfortunate incident at Nagaram Village in Tatipaka- Kondapalli region on 27th June 2014 propelled GAIL to take fresh stock of its pipelines and installations in KG basin with respect to integrity, safety and reliability and various measures have been taken since then by the Company for upgradation and strengthening of pipeline network.   As per the expert opinion taken from the third party, the quality of gas needed qualitative improvement and installation of devices to improve the health of pipeline for transmission of natural gas sourced from the Upstream Operator in the KG basin network of Tatipaka – LANCO and Tatipaka – Kakinada pipeline sections. Upstream operator in this section has since then progressively installed gas corrosion inhibitor injection for supply of natural gas through the pipeline transmission system. GAIL owns a total of 933 Km of pipeline in the KG Basin network and 617 Km of pipelines are presently under operation, supplying 5.2 MMSCMD of Natural gas to the majority of customers including a few major ones like NFCL, GVK, Lanco, APGPCL, SPGL etc.  GAIL receives the same quantity of natural gas from ONGC, RIL and Cairn Energy.

Post incident, intelligent pigging for 617 Km of running pipelines is completed. In-line Inspection carried through intelligent pigging for 365 Km network is already completed and fresh work for 232 Km of the inline inspection is in progress. For monitoring the health of non-piggable pipelines, long range ultrasonic thickness survey is completed to measure the thickness of the pipeline besides continuous potential logging and direct voltage gradient survey of pipeline to monitor external corrosion.

Gas De-hydration Units (GDUs) at five locations like Mori, Pasarlapudi, Narsapur MP, Mandapeta and Gopavaram are installed and GDU for four more locations such as Kesenapalli (West), Enamuru, Tatipaka and KPDA are ordered. One GDU by ONGC off shore is in awarding stage. Fortnightly and monthly cleaning and pigging is being done and residue analysis is being carried out at external labs. All mainline valves are remotely controlled and leak detection system is in place besides liquid separators at source points of the pipeline. Electric Resistance (ER) probes / corrosion coupons are installed in all critical pipelines. Internal corrosion rate is within acceptable limits. Pipe to Soil potential for coating integrity of the pipeline is within limit. Regional Gas monitor Centre (RGMC) at Rajahmundry monitors all transformer rectifier units data with redundant energy back- ups to serve the power requirement of all the installations.

Daily foot patrolling with GPS tracking is being done by dedicated foot patrollers in order to ensure safety and security of the KG Basin pipeline networks and abnormalities observed is immediately informed to RGMC for corrective actions. The initiative has given a desired result. It has acted as an early warning mechanism for any possible disruptions in transportation of the gas and also has enabled in avoiding possible major accidents by ensuring the public safety. An endeavor of spreading awareness to farmers / villagers along the ROU is being carried out by the foot patrollers who also distribute pamphlets explaining the same to the neighborhood dwellers. Daily foot patrolling has not only helped in getting the timely information about encroachments/ leak / exposures, but also has acted as an extended hand of GAIL to spread the pipeline safety awareness in the local populace. GAIL has undertaken awareness drive by using audio clip in FM radio and also conducted awareness programme for police and revenue officials in all the three districts. A local form of Nukkad natak, Burrakatha has conducted 235 out of 300 villages for creating awareness of GAIL pipeline operations with do’s and don’ts.

All the vulnerable locations are being monitored daily. Fortnightly quality of natural gas such as H2S, CO2 and Dew Points are carried out besides, installations of 06 source points’ online moisture analysers. SCADA and communications system is strengthened with back up connectivity and RTU availability. Emergency Response Vehicle with all firefighting gadgets of natural gas is deputed for keeping a vigilant eye for any emergency situations like gas leak redressal in this region. In nutshell, the KG Basin pipeline network is being operated with utmost attention to safety and integrity and compliance of the provisions of the PNGRB guidelines.


Awareness Campaigning by GAIL to strengthen the Security & Safety of JLPL Pipeline

गेल, समाख्याली द्वारा जेएलपीएल की सुरक्षा एवं संरक्षा को सुदृढ़  करने के लिए जागरूकता अभियान

पाइपलाइन संरक्षा एवं सुरक्षा – एक जागरूक प्रयास


गेल, समाख्याली द्वारा समय-समय पर स्थानीय कालेज / स्कूलों के विद्यार्थियों एवं ग्रामीणों के लिए पाइपलाइन सुरक्षा एवं संरक्षा जागरूकता अभियान आयोजित किए जाते रहतें हैं, इसी अभियान को जारी रखते हुए जेएलपीएल किलोमीटर नं. 159 के नजदीक एवं एस.वी.-10 से आई.पी.एस.-समाख्याली के मध्य, ग्राम जूना-कटारिया तालुका भचाऊ जिला कच्छ (गुजरात) में दिनांक 05.11.2015 को जागरूकता कार्यक्रम आयोजित किया गया ।


कार्यक्रम में 03 स्कूलों के लगभग 200 छात्र-छात्राएँ, 20 अध्यापक, ग्राम सरपंच व उप सरपंच सहित लगभग 70-80 ग्रामीण जन और लाकड़िया पुलिस स्टेशन से 04 पुलिसकर्मियों ने उत्साहपूर्वक भाग लिया, जिनको टीम-समाख्याली ने श्री सुशील कुमार, वरिष्ठ प्रबंधक (यांत्रिकी) के मार्गदर्शन में गेल के बारे में, पेट्रोलियम पाइपलाइनों का महत्व, सुरक्षा एवं संरक्षा प्रणाली, आर.ओ.यू. में क्या करें और क्या नहीं करें तथा गेल के टोल फ्री नं. के बारे में बताया ।


जुलाई 2015, के अंतिम सप्ताह में कच्छ क्षेत्र में भारी बरसात हुई थी उस समय जूना-कटारिया के श्री सामद भाई ने एस.वी.-10 के सुरक्षा गार्ड को सूचित किया था कि गेल की पाइपलाइन बाम्बूड़ी नदी में किलोमीटर नं. 159 के पास कटाव के कारण दिखाई दे रही है, इस सूचना पर टीम-समाख्याली ने वहाँ जाकर देखा तो सूचना सही पाई गई अत: आज श्री सामद भाई को पुरस्कार स्वरूप रू. 500/- नगद प्रदान किए गए इसके अलावा जिन बच्चों को पाइपलाइन सुरक्षा के बारे में ज्यादा जानकारी थी उनके प्रोत्साहन के लिए भी पुरस्कार श्री सुशील कुमार द्वारा प्रदान किए गए ।


कार्यक्रम के दौरान सभी को पाइपलाइन की सुरक्षा तथा संरक्षा के लिए आवश्यक निर्देशों के कलेंडर, एक निवेदन, डायरी और पैन आदि वितरित किए गए । इस प्रकार आवश्यक जानकारी हेतु कार्यक्रम आयोजित किए जाने के लिए स्कूल प्राचार्या तथा ग्रामीणों ने गेल, समाख्याली को धन्यवाद दिया ।





Awareness Campaigning by GAIL, Samakhiali to strengthen the Security & Safety of JLPL

Pipeline Safety and Security – A Conscious Effort

GAIL, Samakhiali is organizing the Security, Safety Awareness Campaigns for local college / school student’s and villagers, under which efforts are taken to bring awareness about Pipeline Security and Safety, In continuation with on-going campaign an awareness program was conducted on 05.11.2015 near JLPL KM No. 159 and in between SV-10 & IPS-Samakhiali, at Village Juna-Kataria, Tehsil Bhachau, District Kutch (Gujarat).


The program was attended with great enthusiasm by the approx. 200 students and 20 teachers of 03 Schools, Sarpanch, Up-Sarpanch, 70-80 Villagers and 04 Policemen of Lakadia Police Station. Knowledge about GAIL, importance of Petroleum Pipelines, Security and Safety systems, what to do and do not do in ROU and also shared the information’s about GAIL’s Toll Free numbers by Team-Samakhiali under the guidance of Sh. Sushil Kumar, Sr. Manager (Mech).


In the last week of July’2015 month, heavy rain occurred in KUTCH area, at that time, Sh. Samad Bhai of Juna Kataria village informed to security guard of SV-10 about the exposure/washout of GAIL’s pipeline near KM. 159 in Bambudi river. As per information , Team Samakhiali visited the location and information was found to be correct. Hence, a token reward of Rs. 500/- given to Sh. Samad Bhai by Sh. Sushil Kumar. In addition, prizes distributed among students having good knowledge of Pipeline security for enhancing their motivation.


Before ending the program, Calendars, Ek Nivedan, Diary & Pen having important instructions regarding pipeline safety and security were distributed. Vote of thanks was given by Sh. D.L. Nandurwar, Vice Principal (ITI) to GAIL, Samakhiali for organizing awareness program in Kidianagar Village.



GAIL emerges highest ranking PSU in Carbon Disclosure Leadership Index

Secures 98 out of maximum 100, an increase of 12 points in one year

New Delhi, November 6, 2015: GAIL (India) Limited has emerged the highest ranking company among the country’s Public Sector Undertakings, and third overall, in the ‘Carbon Disclosure Leadership Index (CDLI)’ released by Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP)-India.


GAIL, India’s premier natural gas company, got a score of 98 out of maximum 100 in CDLI which was released at the Bombay Stock Exchange. GAIL showed a remarkable increase of 12 points from last year’s score which was a result of dedicated efforts of the company to be a responsible corporate especially in the area of climate change.


CDP India’s Climate Change 2015 report analyses the key trends coming out of the analysis of the responding Indian companies. The CDLI disclosure score assesses the completeness and quality of a company’s response. A high disclosure score signals that a company provided comprehensive information about the measurement and management of its carbon footprint, its climate change strategy and risk management processes and outcomes.


The CDP India Climate Change 2015 Report will be shared in the India Pavilion of Conference of Parties (COP) 21 to be held in Paris later this month.  It will be attended by Heads of States and Governments across the globe including Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. CDP is the only global natural capital disclosure system which is the most comprehensive collection of Corporate Climate Change Information. CDP India has been acknowledged in India’s commitment towards mitigation and adaptation of climate change specified in the INDC (Intended National Determined Conference).


Shri Prakash Javadekar, Hon’ble Minister of State (Independent Charge) Environment, Forest & Climate Change complemented the report saying, “Indian companies have indeed understood the mantra of sustainability growth – that going green makes sound business sense”.


The release of the report was followed by an interactive panel discussion attended by Sustainability Heads of top ranking CDLI Companies. Speaking on the occasion, Shri Santanu Roy, General Manager (Corporate Planning), GAIL said the company is tackling climate change through converting regulation risks into opportunities. He outlined how natural gas can play a significant role in India’s quest for Energy security. He also mentioned that going forward, GAIL would like to play a leading role in collaborating with other Indian oil and gas players for making positive impact of the sector specific sustainability and climate change.


Photo caption: Shri Santanu Roy, General Manager (Corporate Planning), GAIL (on the left) speaking at the release of the CDP India Climate Change 2015 Report in which GAIL (India) Limited emerged as the highest ranking company among the country’s PSUs, and third overall, in the Carbon Disclosure Leadership Index (CDLI)


GAIL takes lead in developing Indian corporate vision on tackling climate change

Partners with TERI to develop document to be released in Paris during COP21

New Delhi, November 5, 2015: GAIL (India) Limited, the country’s premier natural gas company, has partnered with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), a leading energy and sustainability think tank, to develop a document which outlines the Indian corporate vision on various aspects of tackling climate change and aligning the vision with Government schemes in this direction.

The draft of the document titled “Delhi to Paris: Corporate Vision on Climate Change” was presented during the National Seminar for Corporate Vision on Climate Change organized here by TERI-CBS (Council for Business Sustainability). The final document will be launched at India Pavilion of Conference of Parties (COP) 21 to be held in Paris later this month. It will be attended by Heads of States and Governments across the globe including Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi.


For the first time in over 20 years of UN negotiations, the COP21 Climate Summit conference will aim to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate to keep global warming below 2oC.


As a responsible corporate citizen, GAIL acted as Chapter lead for ‘Improving Efficiency of Energy Use’ and provided inputs towards preparation and participated in meetings, webinars and consultations.


In a special address during the seminar, Hon’ble Minister of Railways Shri Suresh Prabhu said, “While the government provides air cover, corporates are the foot soldiers with their ideas and technologies towards mitigation and adaptation to the new reality of climate change.” Hon’ble Minister of State (Independent Charge), Environment, Forest and Climate Change Shri Prakash Javadekar hailed the convergence of all corporates and called the abridged version of the vision document the ‘Corporate Environment Responsibility Document.’


Speaking on the occasion, Dr. Ashutosh Karnatak, Director (Projects) & Chairman of Sustainable Development Committee of GAIL, shared various initiatives in the area by the company and how natural gas as one of the cleaner fossil fuels has been instrumental in achieving better energy efficiencies for industry.


He also mentioned that going forward, GAIL would like to play a leading role in collaborating with other Oil & Gas industry players for making a positive impact of the sector in respect of sustainability and climate change. As Chapter lead, GAIL propagated that natural gas, an environmentally benign alternative fuel, can act as a bridge fuel as India gears up for the transition from polluting coal and oil to renewables.


Photo caption: Dr. Ashutosh Karnatak, Director (Projects), GAIL (second from left) speaking at the National Seminar for Corporate Vision on Climate Change



पाइपलाइनों के आंतरिक जंग पर तकनीकी सेमिनार

(गेल और नेस द्वारा आयोजित) पर रिपोर्ट

Report on



9th October 2015 Jubilee Tower 4th Floor – Noida

 “जंग से जंग 



गेल (इंडिया)लिमिटेड


विषय: पाइपलाइनों के आंतरिक जंग पर तकनीकी सेमिनार


 9 अक्टूबर  ‘2015 को जुबली  टॉवर नोएडा में-  पाइपलाइनों के आंतरिक जंग  पर एक तकनीकी संगोष्ठी का संयुक्त रूप से गेल और निगिस  द्वारा आयोजन  किया गया। संगोष्ठी डॉ आशुतोष कर्नाटक निदेशक (परियोजना) की अध्यक्षता में हुई।  गेल, रिलायंस इंडस्ट्रीज, आरजीटीआईएल, आईओसीएल, बीपीसीएल, एचपीसीएल, वाल्ट, ईआईएल, मेकॉन, ट्रेक्टेबिल ,सी ई आई एल ,  आईजीएल, एम जी एल,  ओआईएसडी  एवम नेस अंतरराष्ट्रीय के विशेषज्ञों और गेल के वरिष्ठ अधिकारियो ,सी आई एम जी तथा आर आई एम जी  ने  विषयगत घटना ‘जंग से  जंग’ (फाईट विद कोरोज़न) मे सह्भागिता की  ।  साथ ही ओ एंड एम के मत्वपूर्ण वर्क सेंटर भी आडियोवीडियोके माध्यम से सेमिनार मे सहभागी रहे।  


A Technical seminar on Internal Corrosion of pipelines (Jointly Organized by GAIL & NIGIS) was held on 09th October ‘2015 at Jubilee Tower Noida. The Seminar was chaired by Dr Ashutosh Karnatak Director (Projects). Representative from industries- GAIL, RIL, RGTIL, IOCL, BPCL,HPCL,VOLT,EIL,MECON,TRACTABLE, CEIL IGL,MGL, and OISD, experts from M/S NACE international and CIMG(Central Integrity management group), RIMG (Regional Integrity management group) personnel of GAIL from sites participated the Thematic event “JANG SE JANG” (FIGHT WITH CORROSION). All Major O&M sites were also connected through Video Conferencing and participated in the seminar.


संगोष्ठी का उद्देश्य विभिन्न आंतरिक जंग के प्रकार और पाइपलाइनों पर उनके प्रभाव, आंतरिक जंग के कारण  और उनके निवारण/ उपायों  तथा  आंतरिक जंग को नियंत्रित करने के क्षेत्र में तकनीकी विकास को समझने के लिए किया गया था।



Objective of the Seminar was to understand the various types of internal corrosion and their impact on pipelines. Root causes for internal corrosion and their mitigation measures. Technological developments in the field of controlling internal corrosion.



 कार्यक्रम के प्रारंभ में  श्री ई एस रंगनाथन कार्यकारी  निदेशक (ओ एंड एम- कॉर्पोरेट) ने  निदेशक (परियोजना) का स्वागत किया तथा आंतरिक जंग को गंभीर एवम महत्वपूर्ण विषय बताया ।

उद्घघाटन  भाषण में निदेशक (परियोजना)  ने   इस तरह के संगोष्ठी  और विषय विशेषज्ञता/ ज्ञान को साझा करने के लिए संयुक्त  तकनीकी संगोष्ठी को  नियमित रूप से  सुचारु  रखने पर बल दिया।


At the outset, Shri E S Ranganathan ED (O&M-CO) welcomed Director (Projects) and shared the views on Internal Corrosion a serious matter. In the inaugural address, Director (Projects) emphasized on regular meet and conducting such type of joint events to share subject matter expertise and knowledge.


नेस पाइपलाइन इंट्रिगिटी के लिये मानकों तैयार करता है ,  साथ ही  एक प्रमुख शैक्षिक संगठन है, और ट्रेनिग कार्यक्रमो का संचालन करता है। गेल जो की देश का सबसे बडा पाईपलाईन संचालक है , ने  नेस के सहयोग से “ जंग से जंग”  नामक तकनीकी संगोष्ठी  को ऐतिहासिक बना दिया ।

इस  प्रकार का  तकनीकी सेमिनार एक नए युग की  अवधारणा है। तकनीकी संगोष्ठी के पह्ले दो सत्रों मे  डॉ कार्लोस (एसएमई)  के 30 वर्षो के काम की विशेषज्ञता और  आंतरिक जंग  विषय पर सभी को  संवेदनशील बनाने, शिक्षा और  अनुभवो को साझा करने पर ध्यान केंद्रित किया गया ।        डॉ कार्लोस ने  आंतरिक जंग  को नियंत्रित  करने के लिये 32 कारको की चर्चा की  और आंतरिक जंग के 4  अधारभूत बातो ( एनोड, कैथोड, इलेक्ट्रोलाइट, और धातु के सम्पर्क) के बारे  मे भी बताया । शेष 2 सत्र  पाईप लाईन उद्योग से आये  प्रतिभागियों  ने आंतरिक जंग से समबन्धित ज्ञान और अनुभव/ केस स्ट्डी  को साझा किया ।


NACE being a leading educational organization, which prepares standards and also provides training courses on various topics related to pipeline integrity, and GAIL, is being the largest gas pipeline operator in INDIA, the association of GAIL with NACE to fight against corrosion made this event historical.


This is a new era / concept for technical seminars, in which first 2 sessions were focused on sensitisation, education and sharing of Dr. Carlos (SME) rich expertise of 30 years work on the subject matter. Dr. Carlos shared 32 Variables that can control internal corrosion and 4 Basics of Internal Corrosion (Anode, Cathode, Electrolyte, and Metallic Contact).  Remaining 2 sessions were for the participants from the industry to discuss and share the case studies which resulted in a good exchange of knowledge and experience.


लगभग 90 प्रतिनिधियों ने सेमिनार मे  भाग लिया , साथ ही गेल के  करीब  60  अधिकारी आडियो वीडियो के माध्यम से सेमिनार मे उपस्थित रहे , ओआई एस डी को को मिलाकर  5  वक्ताओं ने अपनी कम्पनी  के अनुभवो की केस स्टडी पर   प्रस्तुतिया  दी ।

Approx. 90 Nos delegates were attended the programme, in addition approx. 60 executives were connected through Video conference during the entire seminar.  Total 05 case studies were presented by various Industries including OISD.


सभी प्रतिभागियों को डॉ कार्लोस  द्वारा साझा विचारों से लाभ एवम  अनुभव प्राप्त हुआ । सेमिनार के अंत मे पैनल चर्चा  तथा सवाल – जवाब ने सेमिनार को और भी प्रासगिक बना दिआ ।

पाइपलाइनों के आंतरिक जंग पर तकनीकी संगोष्ठी सफलता पूर्वक अपने उदेश्य की पूर्ति एवम आभार प्रदर्शन के साथ संपन्न हो गयी  ।

All participants in the meet were highly benefited by the views shared by Dr. Carlos A. Palacios, and Panel Discussion held jointly with Question answer Session. The Meet ended on a successful note and fruitfully served the purpose of the Meet.  The meeting concluded with a vote of thanks to the chair.


धन्यवाद प्रस्ताव श्री एम.के. सोगनी डीजीएम (ओ एंड एम) द्वारा प्रस्तुत किया गया।

Vote of thanks was presented by Shri M K Sogani DGM (O&M).



Display of the Back Drop on technical seminar on internal corrosion of pipelines on 9th Oct  2015



Welcome of Dr Ashutosh Karnatak Director (Projects) by Sh. E S Ranganathan ED (O&M-CO)


Technical Seminar Internal corrosion of Pipelines

Inaugural address by Dr Ashutosh Karnatak Director (Projects)


Address by Dr Samir Degan VP ( NACE) and  

 Ms Susmita Sengupta (Susie) Tech. Director (MGL)   


All Major O&M Sites connected Through VC and Participated in the Seminar





Dr Carlos sharing his Experience and knowledge of Internal Corrosion of Pipe line



Presentation on Case Study given by Shri Rajesh Uprety, Additional Director, OISD


Presentation on  P/L  Internal Corrosion given by Shri  Alok Gurtu, Business Head (RGTIL)


Presentation on GAIL  by Shri  G Chakraborty, DGM (O&M)-CIMG.


Presentation on BPCL Case Study by Sh Rituraj Mishra (Dy Mgr Pipeline and CP)


Experience sharing by Cherian P Vargesh (Sr. Tech Services Mgr) IOCL  


Penal Discussion – “Internal Corrosion of Pipeline Challenges and Way Forward” and

Question Answer Session 


Vote of thanks presented by Shri M K Sogani DGM (O&M)-CIMG.


सभी प्रतिभागियों को डॉ कार्लोस  द्वारा साझा विचारों से लाभ एवम   अनुभव प्राप्त हुआ । सेमिनार के अंत मे पैनल चर्चा  तथा सवाल का जवाब ने सेमिनार को और भी प्रासगिक बना दिआ ।

पाइपलाइनों के आंतरिक जंग पर तकनीकी संगोष्ठी सफलता पूर्वक अपने उदेश्य की पूर्ति एवम आभार प्रदर्शन के साथ संपन्न हो गयी  ।

All participants in the meet were highly benefited by the views shared by Dr. Carlos A. Palacios, and Panel Discussion held jointly with Question answer Session. The Meet ended on a successful note and fruitfully served the purpose of the Meet.  The meeting concluded with a vote of thanks to the chair.

धन्यवाद प्रस्ताव श्री एम.के. सोगनी डीजीएम (ओ एंड एम) द्वारा दिया गया।

Vote of thanks was presented by Shri M K Sogani DGM (O&M).



‘Bridge fuel’ in Indian context

The world, today, is constantly exploring new methods to switch to clean energy. Intrinsically, natural gas is often portrayed as a “bridge fuel,” providing a lower-carbon alternative to other thermal sources – coal and diesel. It is true that proponents of the technology suggest that natural gas can enable us to shift away from a high-carbon era of thermal power generation, towards a zero-carbon renewable future. This effectively means transition from thermal to natural gas to renewables. The rising interest in natural gas as a clean fuel and a corresponding rise in global gas exploration activities corroborates natural gas to become the bridge fuel. It is estimated by The International Energy Agency that the production of natural gas will increase and by 2035, a fourth of global energy will be derived from natural gas.

The energy needs of India are more imperative than before, amid the uncertainty of output from coal production. Traditionally, a little over half of the energy supply needs are met by coal fired thermal plants. India insisted on managing climate change through clean and renewable energy using energy efficient technologies, simultaneously reducing its dependence on generating power through these fossil sources.

However for a country like India, a major shift to renewables is a far-cry due to lack of relevant infrastructure and high costs associated with generating power from wind and solar. Natural gas can negate this effects, by smoothing this transition and reduce dependence on thermal power generation. A switch to gas can also reduce air pollution through lower emissions. However a complete transition looks bleak at the moment, as the installed capacity of natural gas is too less to commensurate with other modes of power generation and meet the ever increasing energy requirement of India.

Capacity building and augmentation of natural gas infrastructure is the key. Also it is necessary that new technologies that uses natural gas at consumption levels are developed and promoted – use of fuel cells that directly converts gas into electricity to power households.
By and large, the trajectory towards achieving a complete cleaner fuel for energy requirements looks promising. Natural gas, can act as a facilitator, though it is important to understand how a near-term shift to gas affects long-term trends and outcomes.