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Gail posts-a-14

Myth: CNG harms your automobile

No. CNG does not have any known harmful effects on your vehicle. The absence of any lead content in CNG helps avoid lead fouling of plugs, thus enhancing plug life. Upon entering the engine in the form of a gas, CNG does not disturb the presence of lubricating oil in the engine, and reduces chances of wear and tear. Further more, it does not contaminate or dilute crankcase oil, giving a new span of life to the engine.

Gail posts-02

One of the largest pipelines in the world

Hazira-Vijaipur-Jagdishpur, HVJ (also known as HBJ where B stands for Bijeypur, another name of Vijaipur) is India’s first cross country gas pipeline.

The project was started in 1986 after the incorporation of GAIL (India) Limited to supply gas to the fertilizer plants located in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The first phase of the project consisting of non-branched 1,750 kilometer grid was commissioned in 1987.

Later on the system was expanded with additional branches to supply gas for industrial and domestic use in the states of Rajasthan, Haryana and NCT, which increased the total grid length to 4658 km.

 

gail_voice_8sep

Cellphones to be charged with sound

On a quest for optimum utilisation of abundant energy around us, a group of scientist have been successful in converting the sound of traffic, roar in stadium, music, or the conversation on phone itself into electricity.

Utilising zinc oxide nanorods, a team of Queen Mary’s University and Microsoft were successful to create a prototype device similar the size of Nokia Lumia 925 that generates 5 volt of electricity, sufficient enough to charge a mobile phone.

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Clean energy from plastic

When it comes to environment, plastic always has been a matter of concern. Now the researchers have come up with a selcouth solution; a combustion system which transforms the waste into a fuel identical to natural gas.

The process was crafted by Yiannis Levendis, whose expertise lie in combustion and device design. He has already led many clean energy projects. Prof.Levendis is a distinguished professor of mechanical engineering at Northeastern University, Boston.

The patent pending process consists of a simple step while burning plastic; pyrolytic gasification which involves heating up the waste to a temperature of 800 degrees Celsius in a completely oxygen-free surrounding. This transmutes plastic into a gaseous state which is then mixed with air before burning as a clean fuel.

Everybody knows burning plastic creates toxic byproducts; but not everyone knows plastic contains the same amount of energy per pound as a premium fuel.

Identical results were derived from combustion of biomass as well. This game changing technique may soon turn out to be a key solution to our global energy demand.

In the year 2011, global plastic production corresponded to approximately 280 million tons and just a puny amount of the waste was recovered for recycling. The remaining was dumped in landfills or oceans; resulting in immeasurable deaths of seabirds and marine mammals.

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An overview of the LNG summit 2013

During the recent past natural gas has presented itself as a greener fuel of choice, more evidently than ever. With rising environmental issues, natural gas seems to be the most practical alternative. At the CWC World LNG summit 2013 held this in year in Paris, various opportunities and key challenges were discussed regarding the present state and the future possibilities related to the industry. Below is the summarized insight of the summit.

The present scenario:
Demand for liquefied natural gas (LNG) remains high in Asia with almost 75% of the total sales in the continent. The supply projects have also expanded particularly in the North America, contributing 330 Mtpa taking the total volume produced upto 600 Mtpa.
The challenge however before the industry is the regional price differentiation which because of the pressure in the international market is wider than that of the oil prices.

Future projection:
The industry is expected to grow around 5-6% pa, which amounts up to 400-430 Mtpa by 2025.

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ASIA

Asia would remain the pivotal market for natural gas and is expected to consume 75% of the total production. With demand from mature markets such as Japan, South Korea and Taiwan; a new segment of market consisting of India, China and Middle East would emerge to be an important market segment in the global scenario.

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EUROPE

Decreased demand and price competition in Europe owes to a lower demand for LNG in Europe thereby, raising the import dependency to 80% by 2035. Europe will play a key role as the global balancing market for LNG in the future

THE AMERICAS

Collectively the LNG demand of the Americas is set to rise by 2020 whereby they will require creative LNG sourcing to meet demand compete with other markets.

USA

Work is in progress to make USA a material exporter of LNG by 2025 thereby; increasing opportunities for new LNG supply capacities.

RUSSIA

In an attempt to liberalize LNG exports, Russia is investing in various projects and shall foresee an increased LNG sales in Asia by 2020.

MOZAMBIQUE

The picture for Mozambique LNG looks promising and it is becoming a key player in the LNG industry

3According to the figure above LNG is evidently growing fast in the gas segment.

Keep LNG Going

LNG development for the future needs more commercial innovation in terms of better pricing mechanism exploring more avenues of partnership in the value chain. A key issue identified was the struggle faced by smaller LNG projects to guarantee completion and assure their lenders, meanwhile scope for innovation while developing LNG projects or using LNG equipment is set to rise.

LNG to flourish with diversity:
Diverse customers and portfolios along with diverse pricing mechanism will boost LNG in the times to come and initiatives by countries to become global players in the LNG market will support the effort and resolve the impasses between buyers and sellers.

Below is the detailed summary report on the CWC WLNG summit 2013

gail_voice_thursday_post

Don’t hurry, GO FAST!

Now there is another reason to drop the keys of your car in the morning. There is another way to dodge the messy traffic jams. The new rapid metro is here.

Gurgaon’s rapid metro happens to be India’s first fully privately financed metro. It will connect the Delhi metro to the corporate hub of Gurgaon, Cyber city with a 5.1 km route subsisting 6 stations.delhi metro

Rapid metro route and stations.

The Rapid metro would bring great respite to daily office commuters and the residents of cyber city.

So now you don’t need to hurry to the office through traffic congestion, when you have a rapid alternative.

 

gail_voice_tuesday

New Horizons

Imagine your room heater running on solar energy on a snowy winter night or switching on your light on sun’s energy on the same night when the local electricity grid failed. Yes, now anything is possible and its time you let your imagination run wild.

There is no doubt about the potent that solar energy holds to solve the planet’s energy needs. It is estimated that the amount of solar energy that the earth’s surface receives is 8000 times more than that of our current energy requirement. As a matter of fact, World’s energy starvation would end if we cover less than 1% of the earth’s surface with solar panels.

So why aren’t we doing it? For one simple reason; solar power is unreliable. Seasonal changes, fluctuating weather conditions and the day-night cycle; each of which implies that solar farms on the surface can never attain the optimum efficiency. Moreover, the areas which are receiving the maximum sunlight consistently throughout the year are least densely populated and it’s not feasible to transport solar energy from deserts to more populated regions.

This may change in the near future. A former NASA engineer has come up with a brainy quick fix to the problems. John Mankins, former head of advanced concepts studies at NASA has come up with an intriguing concept of “SPS-ALPHA” (Solar Power Satellite via Arbitrarily Large Phased Array). The concept integrates a thousand computers working together in high orbit and capturing sunrays which can then be transmitted back to the earth’s surface to be used as energy.

spsalpha-space-power-concept-2011-640x476

The most impressive part of the concept is that, it explores new horizons by storing energy initially and later channelling it to desired locations. This feature would help remote and energy deprived and those suffering from any natural calamity.