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The Worlds First LNG Powered Ship Launched

Today, a breakthrough in history was made when the world’s first ship powered by LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) was officially inaugurated and launched from the port of San Diego, USA. This is a herald for natural gas as its use is proliferated in modern society.

More than 3,400 people gathered to watch as the world’s first liquefied natural gas (LNG) powered containership, christened Isla Bella, was launched Saturday night in San Diego. The ships’ owner TOTE, in partnership with General Dynamics NASSCO, celebrated the completion of the first of two Marlin Class containerships headed to Puerto Rico later this year.

Read the full article here: http://goo.gl/IAAXrK

Via DownstreamToday & courtesy of TOTE, Inc

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World Health Day

This world health day lets look back to see how we as an organization and a community have been able to keep our society healthy– both physically & mentally.We have facilitated preventive health check-ups for more than 2800 of our employees in the last FY. In addition, fifteen health camps and talks were organized for the benefit of our employees at various work centres. Another initiative, project “Arogya” organized by us, involved mobile medical units to travel within the remote areas of Pata and Vijaipur with the aim of providing basic healthcare to the extended community. As an energy company, one of our long term goals are to raise awareness about basic wellbeing and self-care in communities we are connected with. By providing medical healthcare to more than 8 lac people till now through our CSR programmes, we address our goals as a company and as a nation.So here’s wishing everyone a very healthy year ahead !

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5 Types Of People Who Believe In Fake Recruitment Ads

From time to time people posing as GAIL, representatives post fake recruitment ads to lure people – these adverts ask for money as application fee. Here are the kinds of people who believe in these ads and get duped!

1. Logo believers


“If it has a logo it must be real”.

For me nothing else matters. All I see is the logo and all I believe is the logo.

2. Career investors


“Nothing is free”.

A big ‘application fee’ makes sense for my kind. My belief – larger the position, the more you have to pay.

3. Fast and furious


“i need to get a job and i need to get it fast”.

I don’t read the details and I apply to as many applications as I can. Because you know – brute force works.

4. The sheep


“We go with the flow”.

Why worry about checking authenticity. If they are, then I should too!

5.Gullible


“I’m convinced!”

You just need to speak, I am waiting here to believe.

 

Some Markers Of A Real GAIL Recruitment Advertisement.

1. The advertisement will be available on the careers section of the official GAIL website –
2. GAIL does not charge a fee for applying for any position.

3. GAIL recruitment ads will always have detailed contact information, in the print advertisement or in the detailed advertisement online.

If you encounter and advertisement that seems fishy, please mail us at careers@gail.co.in or social@gail.co.in

Our official notice on Fake advertisements

 

GIF source: http://giphy.com/

Launch of Bond Investments

We have launched INR Bonds worth Rs. 500 Cr on private placement basis at cut off coupon rate of 8.30% p.a. fixed through Book Building process among Arrangers on 16th Feb 2015 and money has been received on 23rd Feb 2015. The Bonds will be repaid equally in 7-10 years with a call option at 7th year. GAIL has got competitive rate considering the current market scenario and due to its AAA + domestic rating from M/s CARE and M/s India Rating.

The different types of energy the world uses

Oil

Oil supplies around 34% of the world’s energy needs. It is often referred to as fossil fuel because the oil is extracted from built-up organic material and fossil remains that, over time, breaks down into hydrocarbons. Oil is mostly used as transportation fuel but is also found in many other products like fertilizers, makeup, paints and fabrics.

Australia has approximately 0.3% of the world’s oil reserves, located mostly in the Carnarvon (Western Australia) and Gippsland (Victoria) basins. The 10 major countries producing oil include Saudi Arabia, Canada, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela, Russia, Libya and Nigeria.

Natural Gas

Natural gas is now the third largest global energy source and accounts for around 21% of energy consumption worldwide. Considered a fossil fuel, natural gas is formed in the earth when gases are released from decaying organisms trapped under pressure over millions of years. Natural gas can be found in oil fields, natural gas fields and coal beds and is one of the world’s cleanest, safest and most useful sources of energy. 

Approximately 92% of Australia’s natural gas reserves are located in Western Australia, in the Carnarvon, Browse and Bonaparte basins. They attributed close to 2% of global gas reserves in 2008. The major sectors consuming natural gas include manufacturing, electricity generation, mining and the residential market (used for water heating, cooking and heating the home).

Brown Coal

Coal is now one of the world’s largest sources of energy. Global coal consumption grew by 7.6% in 2010, with Asia Pacific countries accounting for 79.7% of the increase. Coal is a combustible sedimentary rock found in layers under the earth known as coal seams or coal beds. 

Brown coal (or lignite) is the lowest grade of coal and is softer due to its water content. Its heating value is around one quarter of black coal. Brown coal is not always brown and actually varies in colour from yellow to dark brown. Brown coal is primarily used in electricity generation. It is burned to heat water, producing steam to run the power turbines. 

China is the world’s largest consumer and producer of brown coal. Australia has approximately 8.5% of the world’s brown coal reserves.

Black Coal

Black coal is the highest grade of coal and includes sub-bituminous and bituminous coal, through to shiny black anthracite. Graphite is technically the hardest form of coal; however, it does not easily ignite and is used in pencils and lubricants, rather than in energy production. Not only is black coal used to generate electricity, it is extensively used in primary industries, such as cement manufacturing and steel production. 

Australia has about 7% of the world’s economically recoverable black coal and ranks fifth behind USA (31%), Russia (22%), China (14%) and India (8%). Coal accounts for around three quarters of Australia’s electricity generation, with coal-fired power stations located in every mainland state.

Plutonium

Plutonium is a rare earth element found in trace amounts in the Earth’s crust. It is radioactive and has a silvery colour, but degrades to a dull grey, olive or yellow when it oxidises. The plutonium available today is manufactured synthetically and is found only in trace amounts within uranium deposits and is extracted by burning the uranium. Plutonium is responsible for producing over one third of the energy required to run the world’s nuclear power plants.

Nuclear Energy

Approximately 11% of the world’s energy needs are supplied via nuclear energy. There are 436 nuclear power reactors operating in 31 countries. France, Japan and the United States combined account for 56.5% of nuclear generated electricity. 80% of France’s nuclear reactors provide electrical energy and the United States is the world’s largest nuclear energy producer although its electrical output is only 19%.

Nuclear energy is achieved through nuclear fission. The nuclei of atoms are split, causing energy to be released. Uranium rods are used as the fuel because the uranium nuclei are easily split when neutrons are “shot” at them. Once the uranium nucleus splits, multiple neutrons are released and they are further split into more uranium nuclei causing a chain reaction. 

Australia has the second largest uranium reserves in the world but does not have any nuclear power stations.

Coal To Liquids

Coal can also be converted into a liquid fuel like diesel or gasoline through direct or indirect liquefaction. Liquid coal can become a petroleum substitute and be used in the transportation industry. It is used as alternative liquid fuels like methanol and dimethyl ether (DME); it is also used in lubricants, synthetic waxes and chemical feed stock. 

South Africa has been producing liquid coal since 1955. More plants are being opened across the world and China is notably creating the two biggest liquid coal plants in the world. Large coal reserves are found in the United States, China, India, Russia, Ukraine, Germany, Poland, South Africa and Australia, with most countries starting new coal to liquid projects.

Shale Oil

Oil shale is produced from sedimentary rocks containing kerogen which is an organic precursor to oil that release petroleum –like liquids through pyrolysis, hydrogenation or thermal dissolution. Today oil shale is used to produce oil, and be used as an energy source in both thermal and electrical power plants. Other uses include being used in cement, bricks, fertilizers, soil additives and glass.

Oil shale resources are found in many countries however there is no economical method for extracting oil from the oil shale rocks. The lack of commercial practicalities has inhibited the development of better technologies to reduce the cost of extraction. 

The United States has the largest oil shale reserves and the largest producers are China, Estonia, Brazil and Australia.

Coal Seam Gas

Coal forms over millions of years, storing large quantities of a methane-rich gas and coal seam gas (CSG). CSG is often referred to as “unconventional gas” or “sweet gas” because of a lack of hydrogen sulphide, this gas is extracted from the underground coal deposits. The methane lines the inside pores of the coal and is also found in the cleats and seams; the gas is held in place by water pressure. 

Coal seam gas has become a very important source of energy and especially within Australia where it supplies over 60% of the total gas market in Queensland. Gas is used to supply some of our electricity needs like running our lights, appliances and hot water. 

There are large reserves of coal bed methane in Canada and the United States but Australia is the main producer of coal seam gas with 18 mining operations currently being used.

Source: http://www.miningoilgasjobs.com.au/oil-gas-energy/all-you-need-to-know-about-the-oil—gas-sector/quick-facts-on-oil,-gas-and-energy-sources.aspx#sthash.4ciFwPJ1.dpuf

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The ‘DOOR TO HELL’ in Turkmenistan

At first glance, it could be a dramatic scene from a science-fiction movie.
But this giant hole of fire in the heart of the Karakum Desert is not the aftermath of an attack on Earth, launched from outer space.
It is a crater made by geologists more than 40 years ago, and the flames within have been burning ever since.
Welcome to Derweze in Turkmenistan – or, as the locals have called it, ‘The Door to Hell’.


Read more: http://dailym.ai/1xZfWnB

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First nuclear power plant to produce commercial quantities of electricity

On 17th October 1956, at 12.16 GMT the British queen pulled the lever which would direct electricity from the power station into the National Grid for the first time.
A large clock on the wall of the power station registered the first kilowatts of energy to be produced. The town of Workington, 15 miles (24 km) up the Cumberland coast from Calder Hall, became the first town in the world to receive light, heat and power from nuclear energy. Within four hours nuclear-powered electricity was reaching London.
Read more http://bbc.in/1wcoRBt

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The World’s Largest Solar Project

BrightSource’s LPT solar thermal system is operating at the Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System (ISEGS) in California’s Mojave Desert. Ivanpah, which began commercial operation in 2013, is delivering power to PG&E and Southern California Edison. The project is currently the largest solar thermal power plant in the world. Ivanpah was constructed by Bechtel and is operated by NRG Energy one of the project’s equity investors.

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Environment Day

The origination of Environment day began with the beginning of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in 1972. However the first World Environment Day was observed on 5th of June1973.

Since then the World Environment Day is celebrated on the 5th June every year. The major agenda of the day revolves around raising the awareness level about depletion of environment, its implications and measure to correct the same.

GAIL (India) Limited over the years has exhibited its commitment towards the resorting the environmental balance. However a company of more than 4000 employees can bring about a dynamical change with more focussed efforts. So this Environment day every member of the GAIL family will plant a tree to support the much needed green initiative.

We request our subscribers to promote the same and to their bit towards our mother Earth.

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Are you interested in cheaper gas?

Henry Hub Linked RLNG for India

GAIL (India) Limited,  recently signed LNG procurement contracts indexed to Henry Hub (HH) prices. The supplies under these contracts however are expected to commence from 2017-18 onward. GAIL has started the process of tie-up of these RLNG volumes through execution of Term Sheet(s) with the interested Party(ies) which shall be converted into a firm Gas Supply Agreement (GSA).

As of now, GAIL has executed Term Sheet with more than 100 Parties and we would like to convey our sincere thanks to the Parties for the overwhelming response. We further inform that all these Parties have thus become eligible to commence further discussions for entering into the Gas Supply Agreement (GSA) for purchase of GAIL’s HH indexed RLNG. The time line for signing the Term Sheet is about to close shortly. Accordingly, all other interested  Party(ies)/Entity(ies) may consider and  execute the Term Sheet with GAIL immediately. Further, GAIL’s current offer is valid only till 9th June 2014, 6:00 PMand will undergo upward revision thereafter. All interested Parties may approach GAIL (India) Limited’s Zonal Offices for executing the Term Sheet within the stipulated time frame. Above is subject to execution of a mutually agreed & binding Gas Supply Agreement (GSA) for supply of such HH indexed RLNG. The contact address of Zonal offices are available on the website.”

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International Day for Bio-Diversity

“Native Plants Conservation  Landscaping” refers to landscaping by native plants with specific  goals of reducing pollution and improving the surrounding  environment. Native plants along with their surrounding habitats are tremendous resources. GPU Usar with its available land and other resources intends to conserve these treasures for our coming future generations. This Project falls in line with “National Mission for Preservation of Ecological

Balance and Maintenance of Biodiversity”.  One of the hot spots of Biodiversity i.e. Western Ghats runs along the Konkan Region. Konkan, is a charming stretch of land on the west coast of India, endowed with beautiful seashore, picturesque mountains and scenic natural beauty, and is known for tropical fruits like the delicious golden Alphanso mango, cashew, jackfruit, spice crops, coconut, areca nut and kokum. Over recent years, anthropogenic threats

like population expansion, deforestation and forest fragmentation, mining, dam construction and inefficient landuse practices are shrinking and isolating ecosystems. These factors pose a serious threat to the native plant species of the Ecologically Important Western Ghats. To meet the increasing demand of market the exotic species was became famous in the region. Such exotic varieties do not fit into the local situation. The dynamics of the environment have been distorted leading to the depletion of the water table, reduced soil fertility, migration of native birds and wild animals. The problems are compounded by Global Warming, which is being experienced across the world. Every government is under pressure to act and control the global environmental crisis. However we believe it is not just for the government, but also for each and every responsible individual to act save our mother earth. One of the most important measures we can take is to bring back the green cover. But green cover using exotic species is not the only solution; the green cover can be made up of local species as well. As a humble action to save the planet in its own limited capacity the LPG Recovery Plant, GAIL USAR has thought of a project called “Dharohar – Prepare, Care and Share”.  Under the project, part of green belt area of GAIL USAR would be set aside to: fewer breakdowns in operations. The efficient sewage treatment process ensures an odourless and clean environment as well as improved quality of treated water which adds to the hygiene level. The most important challenge while execution of the project was to install the MBR without stopping the running process. The benefit to have a MBR based STP was that the entire effluent was useable and there was zero wastage of sewage water. The total cost of this project was INR 4.43 crores.
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Keep guessing

While you keep guessing the correct answer it is important for you to know that the multi lingual nation is about to take a huge leap later this decade.

Tanzania is anticipated to start the production of natural gas by 2020 or even earlier.  African nation is all set to initiate the commercial production of natgas by later part of the decade and the initiation may even start sooner that the expected time

Dr Emma Msaky, acting director of exploration, production and technical services of Tanzania petroleum Development Corporation, stated “There is a possibility of 2020 for the gas to start to flow. If everything is smooth, that target can be met,” to the participants in the 3rd East Africa Oil & Gas summit held in Dar es Salaam.

The correct answer to the question would be given tomorrow.