ExxonMobil stated in its annual report that Natural gas is likely to become the second biggest source of energy by 2025 due to growth in demand. Global demand for natural gas will expand by 60pc between now and 2040. Oil will remain the biggest source of energy by 2040.
“Natural Gas, the second
biggest energy source
The company expects that a higher proportion of natural gas will be extracted from shale rock. Exxon expects India and smaller southeastern Asian countries, such as Vietnam, will drive industrial demand for energy.
If one were to examine the role of various energy sources that may be important for meeting future demand under carbon dioxide emissions constraints, Natural gas would be the fuel of the future. Often overlooked in past debates on the future of energy, natural gas is finding its place at the heart of the energy discussion.
Natural gas is a major fuel for multiple end uses — electricity, industry, heating — and is increasingly discussed as a potential pathway to reduced oil dependence for transportation. In addition, the realization over the last few years that the potential to produce natural gas, or import it is large, has intensified the discussion about natural gas as a “bridge” to a low-carbon future
The 2-year collaborative study on the Indian Natural Gas market conducted in 2007 explores gas demand to the year 2025 in the three main gas consuming sectors within India. THE STUDY CONCLUDES that coal is likely to remain the dominant fuel in the power sector, but opportunities exist for gas in reducing regional air pollution and providing peaking power. For the fertilizer sector, significant opportunities exist to import cheap fertilizer; thereby reducing domestic gas demand, but political constraints will likely buoy gas demand. Industrial consumers will benefit from increased supplies from LNG to displace expensive liquid fuels.